This word derives from an Old French verb meaning “to combine into an orderly whole.” From a process-related perspective, an organization is viewed as an entity being (re-)organized, and the focus is on the organization as a set of tasks or actions. From an institutional perspective, an organization is viewed as a purposeful structure within a social context. Inefficient components of the organization starve, while effective ones get more work. Everybody is paid for what they actually do, and so runs a tiny business that has to show a profit, or they are fired. These consist of a group of peers who decide as a group, perhaps by voting.

Ambidextrous organizations segregate exploratory units from their traditional units, encouraging them to develop their own unique processes, structures, and cultures. But they also tightly coordinate these new units with existing organizations at the senior management level. Another important lesson from the USA Today and Ciba Vision stories is that a company’s senior team must be committed to operating ambidextrously even if its members aren’t ambidextrous themselves. Resistance at the top levels of an organization can’t be tolerated, which means that a shift to an ambidextrous organization can be a wrenching experience. Ciba Vision’s Bradley asked some of the executives overseeing the traditional business to leave when they fought the decision to reallocate R&D investments to the new units.

How WOAH International Standards contribute to boosting trade: the case of Namibia

The structure of ambidextrous allows cross-fertilization among units while preventing cross-contamination. We discovered that some companies have actually been quite successful at both exploiting the present and exploring the future, and as we looked more deeply at them we found that they share important characteristics. In other words, they manage organizational separation through a tightly integrated senior team. A business does not have to escape its past, these cases show, to renew itself for the future.


Ten years later, its sales had more than tripled, to over $1 billion, and the new drug, transferred to Novartis’s pharmaceutical unit, was on its way to becoming a billion-dollar business. More recently, Ciba Vision has continued to reap the benefits of ambidexterity by pioneering so-called fashion lenses that allow people to change the color of their eyes. The conventional-lens business, moreover, remained profitable enough to generate the cash needed to fund the daily disposables and extended-wear lenses. It successfully introduced several new contact lenses, a macular-degeneration treatment, and a low-cost manufacturing process, while maintaining a profitable business for its conventional lenses. Ciba overtook J&J in some market segments, and over the next ten years, its annual revenues grew from $300 million to more than $1 billion. In other words, you should be safe using organization wherever you find yourself writing.


According to Weber’s definition, entry and subsequent advancement is by merit or seniority. Each employee receives a salary and enjoys a degree of tenure that safeguards him from the arbitrary influence of superiors or of powerful clients. The higher his position in the hierarchy, the greater his presumed expertise in adjudicating problems that may arise in the course of the work carried out at lower levels of the organization. It is this bureaucratic structure that forms the basis for the appointment of heads or chiefs of administrative subdivisions in the organization and endows them with the authority attached to their position. An organization is a collection of people who collectively work towards a common purpose.

Shibboleth / Open Athens technology is used to provide single sign-on between your institution’s website and Oxford Academic. These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word ‘Organization.’ Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. The nonprofit is contributing $1 million to convert the building into a high school, adding to the national organization’s 30 existing Excel campuses in seven other states. Lighty, whose organization supports single-payer health care, said the deadlines could help speed up the administration’s work. The groups’ contracts with the government give each organization the authority to exclusively collect organs and tissue in their regions.

British Dictionary definitions for organization

Its main function is to ensure that global trade flows smoothly, predictably and freely as possible. Create an organization to apply fine-grained access permissions to repositories. A group of people consciously cooperating.Over time, the spontaneous movement had become an organization. This painting shows little organization at first glance, but little by little the structure becomes clear. Full text search our database of 176,600 titles for Organization to find related research papers.

What are the 3 types of organization?

There are three main types of organizational structure: functional, divisional and matrix structure.

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